Grading for Learning
Teaching the Science Process Skills - further reading for anyone who gets into this stuff 
Grading for Learning
Grading for learning is a process in which students have the opportunity to learn from their mistakes without penalty to their final grade.  Students are encouraged to experiment with activities that provide feedback from which they can discover concepts.  Formative assessments help the motivated learner direct their own learning and self assess their level of understanding.  Summative assessments are not taken until the student is confident they are ready to demonstrate what they have learned.  The proficiency scores used to calculate a students grade are 100% summative  in 8th grade science.

The following is a description of the proficiency levels adopted by the School District of Waukesha:

4 = Advanced knowledge
Students independently demonstrate sophisticated application in new contexts.
Earning a 4 means the student has advanced knowledge and skills that are applied to other situations and new learning. Since our standards are high, a 4 is not easy to achieve. A score of 4 is earned when students produce truly exemplary work that demonstrates knowledge and skills that exceed district grade level expectations. Few students will earn a 4 and it should not be confused with an A in a traditional grading system.

3 = Proficient knowledge
Students demonstrate and apply skills consistently.
Earning a 3 means the student has a proficient understanding of grade level content and meets district expectations. Students at level 3 demonstrate their understanding independently and consistently. They are right on track with our high academic expectations. A 3 represents a student meeting grade level expectations and indicates high quality work. It is our goal for each student to reach proficiency. It is something to be celebrated.

2 = Basic knowledge
Students demonstrate skills inconsistently.
Earning a 2 means the student has a basic understanding and partially meets district expectations. A student receiving a 2 inconsistently demonstrates understanding and requires assistance. Students at level 2 have a basic understanding of concepts or skills, but have not yet reached consistent proficiency.

1 = Minimal knowledge
Students demonstrate limited skills and require significant teacher assistance.
Earning a 1 means the student has a minimal understanding of concepts and skills and does not meet district expectations.  Even with assistance, the student cannot use or demonstrate mastery of district expectations.

0 = Insufficient evidence of learning to provide feedback
No evidence of learning.
Earning a 0 means the student has not demonstrated understanding of concepts and skills to meet district expectations.

Assessment - all assessments are coordinated with our science Learning Targets and contain questions from all  Proficiency Levels.
                              We will use Quizstar for our online assessments.

Pre-assessment: each module will begin with a formative pre-assessment.  This will allow students to plan those activities wihin the module 
                             that they need to spend the most time with.  Feedback is provided with each question.

Post-assessment: after doing the labs and activities in a module, students will take the Post-assessment (practice test).  This is also
                              formative in nature and will not count towards a students grade.  A student will use the feedback from this test to 
                              determine if they are ready for the summative test.  If they are not ready, they can go back to specific parts of the 

Summative assessment: finally, students will take a final summative assessment which will be used to measure learning and will be
                                         calculated in the student's grade.  Students decide when they are ready to take the test based on the results of 
                                         their formative assessment. 
All assessments for this unit/module must be completed before beginning the next module.  Assessments should be taken in science class.
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